A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before 23 weeks. This accounts for 10 to 20 percent of all known pregnancies. However, the true figure is probably greater since a lot of miscarriages happen extremely early in pregnancy, often before you even realize you’re pregnant.

The reason for the majority of miscarriages is that the fetus isn’t growing normally.

symptoms 

  • Vaginal bleeding is the primary indicator, however, may not be present in a particular type of  miscarriage known as missed miscarriage.
  • cramping and pain in your lower abdomen. 
  • gradation from mild to intense bleeding.
  • Extreme cramps
  • stomach discomfort
  • Weakness
  • escalating or severe backache
  • Fever accompanied by any of these symptoms
  • Weight reduction
  • Pinkish-white mucus
  • Contractions
  • Tissue resembling blood clots flowing through your vagina.
  • less pregnancy indicators
miscarriage
miscarriage

Call your doctor or go to the hospital if you experience vaginal bleeding. 

However, keep in mind that minor vaginal bleeding is rather typical during the first trimester (the first 3 months of pregnancy) and does not always indicate a miscarriage. 

Types of Miscarriage:

Threatened: is threatened if you are bleeding but your cervix hasn’t started to expand. These pregnancies often end up being successful.

Inevitable: is seen as inevitable if you are bleeding, experiencing cramps, and have a dilated cervix.

Complete: is one in which you have lost all pregnant tissue. For losses that happen before 12 weeks, this is typical.

Incomplete: An incomplete miscarriage is when some fetus or placental material leaves your uterus after you pass it.

Missed: the uterus still contains placental and embryonic components, but the embryo has either already died or was never created.

Septic: It’s called a septic if you have an infection in your uterus. This infection may be serious, requiring quick medical attention.

Causes 

It could occur for a variety of reasons, albeit the exact cause is frequently unknown. Most of them are not the result of anything you did. 

  • The majority of miscarriages are assumed to be brought on by the baby’s defective chromosomes. 
    • Chromosomes are the genetic “building blocks” that direct a baby’s growth. 
    • A newborn won’t grow normally if it has too many or not enough chromosomes. 
    • It is typically a one-time occurrence, and most women go on to become pregnant successfully in the future.
  • Infection
  • Conditions affecting the mother’s health, such as diabetes or thyroid illness
  • Hormone issues.
  • Immune system reactions
  • Physiological issues in the mother
  • Uterine abnormalities
  • Smoking
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Using street drugs
  • Radiation or hazardous chemical exposure

Risk Factors Are

Being above age of 35

Having conditions such as diabetes or thyroid issues.

Having experienced three or more pregnancy losses

The Following Do Not Cause Miscarriage

Sexual intercourse

Exercise

working, especially when not exposed to stressful radicals.

How often are they? 

Contrary to what most people think, miscarriages happen frequently. 

An estimated 1 in 8 pregnancies will result in miscarriage. 

It occurs much more frequently before some women even aware that they are pregnant. 

Recurrent miscarriages (losing 3 or more pregnancies in a row) are rare, affecting only about 1 in 100 women.

Prevention

  • They are generally unpreventable. 
  • However, there are a few things you may take to lower your chance of miscarriage. 
  • When pregnant, refrain from taking drugs, alcohol, and tobacco. 
  • A healthy weight before conception, a nutritious diet, and lowering your risk of infection can all be beneficial. 

Treatment Options When It Happens 

  • A hospital will often be referred to you if you exhibit the symptoms so they can do testing for you. 
  • Most of the time, an ultrasound scan can tell if you’re miscarrying. 
  • When it is confirmed, you should discuss your choices with your doctor for managing the end of the pregnancy. 
  • In one or two weeks, the pregnant tissue frequently expels naturally. 
  • If you don’t want to wait, you can choose to have minor surgery to remove the tissue instead of taking medication to help the tissue pass. 

Depending on the kind you had, you may need a different course of therapy. There is no need for treatment if there is no remaining pregnancy tissue in your body (complete).

Medical treatment is taking pharmaceuticals to aid in the passage of the residual tissue,

Surgical management entails having any leftover tissue surgically removed. 

Expectant management includes waiting for the remaining tissue to leave your body naturally.

Any of these treatment choices have a very low risk of problems, so you may discuss which is best for you with your doctor.

Healing after a miscarriage

  • A miscarriage may cause a broad variety of emotions, which is natural. Additional signs might include weeping a lot, having difficulties sleeping, and having poor energy.
  • Allow yourself time to mourn your loss, and seek help when you need it. 
  • You could also think of the following:
  • Whenever you feel overwhelmed, ask for assistance. 
  • Let your relatives and friends know how they can assist since they may not understand how you’re feeling.
  • Until you’re ready to see them again, keep any baby mementos, pregnancy clothes, and baby accessories out of sight.
  • seek out a professional for therapy. Grief counselors may assist you in overcoming depressive, loss- or guilt-related emotions.
  • Join a local or online support group to interact with others who have experienced the same thing.
  • It can be physically and emotionally taxing to have a miscarriage. You can feel guilty, shocked, or angry. 
  • As soon as your symptoms have subsided and you are emotionally and physically prepared, you can attempt for another baby. 
  • It’s crucial to keep in mind that the majority of miscarriages are isolated incidents that are followed by a healthy pregnancy. 

References:

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/pregnancy-loss-miscarriage/symptoms-causes/syc-20354298#:~:text=Miscarriage%20is%20the%20spontaneous%20loss,even%20know%20about%20a%20pregnancy.

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/miscarriage/

https://www.healthline.com/health/miscarriage#treatment