Introduction

Stress causes a physiologic reaction. When you feel threatened, your body releases chemicals and hormones.

It causes your fight-or-flight reaction, causing you to fight or flee. Your body should relax following the reaction. Stress may harm your long-term health.

How Bad Is Stress?

It may be beneficial. Our hunter-gatherer predecessors relied on it, and we do too. It’s healthy if it helps you prevent an accident, achieve a deadline, or stay calm amidst pandemonium.

What stresses one individual may not do the same for another. An example: public speaking. Some are paralyzed by it while others feel excited about doing it.

It may be beneficial. Your wedding day, for example, may be considered a pleasant type.

It is meant to be momentary. Your pulse rate, respiration, and muscles should calm down after the fight-or-flight instant. Your body should return to normal quickly without any lingering consequences.

However, the severe, frequent, or chronic types may be hazardous.

80% of Americans experienced its symptoms in the preceding month. 20% were stressed. So, this condition can be said to be common.

As life is, tension can’t be fully avoided. 

We can prevent it when feasible and handle it otherwise. 

Understanding Stress 

It is a natural response to danger. When stressed, your brain releases adrenaline and cortisol.

This increases heart rate and blood flow to muscles and organs. You feel invigorated and can concentrate on your immediate demands. This is how humans adjust.

These are hormones involved.

Your hypothalamus responds to danger. It notifies your adrenal glands, which produce hormones.

These hormones help you survive by preparing you for danger.

Adrenaline is one. It’s also called the fight-or-flight hormone (epinephrine). Adrenaline rapidly:

  • Raising your heartbeat
  • Raising your breathing rate
  • Improve muscular glucose utilization.
  • Blood vessels constrict to provide muscles with oxygen.
  • Induce perspiration
  • Suppress insulin

While this is good in the moment, regular adrenaline rushes might lead to:

  • Vascular damage
  • Hypertension
  • Heart attack and stroke risk increase.
  • Headaches
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Weight increase

Here’s more about an adrenaline rush.

Adrenaline isn’t the main causative hormone. Cortisol is-

Cortisol and Stress

Cortisol is a key stress hormone. Functions include:

  • Increasing blood glucose
  • Improving cerebral glucose utilization.
  • Boosting access to tissue-repair compounds
  • Limiting non-vital functions in a life-threatening circumstance
  • Modifying the immune system
  • Slowing growth and reproduction.
  • Influencing fear, motivation, and mood.

All this helps you manage it. It’s vital to human survival.

Too much cortisol is harmful to your health.

It can induce:

  • Obesity
  • Hypertension
  • sleep troubles
  • fatigue
  • type 2 diabetes
  • osteoporosis
  • Memory and brain fog
  • decreased immune system, increasing infection risk
  • It may also alter your emotions. 

Natural ways to reduce cortisol:

There are various types, including:

  • Acute stress disorder;
  • Episodic Acute type
  • Chronic type
  • Anxiety

Everyone experiences this. It’s the body’s first response to a new scenario. It’s the anxiety you could experience after a near collision.

Enjoyable activities might cause acute stress. It’s the scary-but-exciting sensation you get on a roller coaster or when skiing down a steep hill.

Acute stress seldom hurts. Perhaps they’re healthy. Stressful experiences train your body and brain for future stress.

Your biological systems should normalize when the threat passes.

Severe acute type

is a completely different situation. This type, like experiencing a scenario where your life was in danger, might result in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or other mental health issues.

Episodic acute type

The episodic acute type occurs when you experience many bouts of acute stress.

This could happen if you’re regularly concerned and worried about things you believe may happen. Your life may appear chaotic, with one catastrophe after another.

Law enforcement and firemen sometimes face high-stress circumstances.

Episodic acute stress might impact your physical and mental health.

Chronic type

The chronic type is long-term and this might have a harmful influence on your health. It may cause:

  • Anxiety
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Depression
  • Hypertension
  • Lowered immunity

It may cause headaches, stomachaches, and sleep problems. Recognizing the various forms may assist.

Causes

Acute or chronic causes include:

  • experiencing a natural or man-made tragedy
  • Chronic disease
  • making it through a serious illness or accident
  • having been a victim of crime
  • enduring family pressures such as:
  • abuse
  • divorce
  • delayed divorce court case
  • problems with child custody
  • caring for a family member who has a chronic condition like dementia
  • experiencing homelessness or poverty
  • working in a hazardous occupation
  • little work-life balance, lengthy hours, or a hated job
  • The deployment of Armed Forces

Due to how diverse individuals are, there is no limit to the things that might make someone anxious.

If left unmanaged, it may have severe effects on the body. Consider personal, emotional, and traumatic stressors.

Symptoms

Our stressors and symptoms might vary.

Here are some possible symptoms:

  • discomfort
  • Sleep disorders
  • Sex drive decreased
  • Constipation
  • Excessive eating
  • Concentration and decision-making issues
  • Fatigue

You may feel anxious, angry, or overwhelmed. Unknowingly, you may be drinking or smoking more. 

Stress-induced headache

Tensed muscles in the head, face, and neck cause this type of headache.

Here are symptoms:

  • dull headaches
  • forehead pressure
  • scalp/forehead tenderness

Tension headaches are common. Worry may cause stiff muscles. 

Stress ulcer

  • A stomach ulcer is a form of peptic ulcer caused by:
  • Helicobacter infection (H. pylori)
  • NSAIDs overuse (NSAIDs)
  • Rare tumors

Ongoing research examines how this affects the immune system. It may slow ulcer healing.

It may be caused by:

  • Brain or CNS injury
  • Long-term injuries or sickness
  • Surgery
  • Heartburn and ulcer discomfort may cause it, and it may cause ulcers in return too.

Overeating

Some individuals eat when they’re not hungry. This kind of eating is when you eat without thinking, binge at night, or eat more than usual.

This kind of eating causes you to consume more calories than you need and choose less healthy meals. Rapid weight gain and health issues might result. It doesn’t reduce tension.

If you eat to alleviate stress, try alternative methods. Tips to stop late-night eating.

Office tension

Various factors may make work stressful. Occasionally or chronically, this might occur.

Work-related stress includes:

  • loss of control
  • hating your work and seeing no way out
  • doing things you don’t want to
  • coworker dispute
  • being overworked

Stress is inescapable if you detest your work or are constantly reacting to others’ expectations. Sometimes resigning or battling for work-life balance is appropriate. Here’s how to spot job burnout.

Of course, some vocations are plain riskier than others. First responders ask you to risk your life. Doctors and nurses have someone’s life in their hands. Mental wellness requires balance and stress management.

Stress and anxiety

Both are linked. The demands made on your body and mind are what cause it. You experience anxiety when you experience intense concern, uneasiness, or terror.

Episodic or chronic types may cause anxiety.

Worry may harm your health, increasing your risk for:

  • Hypertension
  • Heart condition
  • Diabetes
  • PTSD
  • Depression

It can be treated. In truth, there are numerous ways and resources that may assist both.

Your main doctor may assess your health and suggest you therapy. Get assistance if you’ve considered self- or other-harm.

Dealing with stress

The management isn’t about eliminating it. It may be good in certain instances, so it’s impossible.

To manage it, identify your triggers. Determine what can be avoided. Find strategies to deal with unavoidable pressures.

Managing stress may reduce the risk of stress-related disorders over time. It’ll make you feel better daily.

Here are some reduction basics:

  • keep a healthy diet
  • Sleep 7-8 hours a night
  • Regularly workout
  • Reduce caffeine and alcohol
  • Socialize to obtain and provide assistance.
  • Make time for self-care
  • Practice deep breathing and meditation

See your doctor if it causes anxiety or sadness. When treated, these disorders may be controlled. Consult a therapist or mental health professional. Get instant reduction suggestions.

Online therapy possibilities

By reaching out, you can find the finest online treatment for you by reaching out.

In Conclusion

Too much stress may impair your physical and emotional health.

It may cause anxiety and sadness, but there are effective therapies. See additional effects in our articles and challenge yourself to reach out.

References

https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2192581-treatment

https://www.healthline.com/health/stress#cortisol